Additionally, the CPD gives media outlets editorial guidelines as well as directives restricting coverage of politically sensitive topics.
In one high-profile incident involving the liberal Guangdong magazine , government censors rewrote the paper’s New Year’s message from a call for reform to a tribute to the Communist Party.
Chinese internet companies are now required to sign the “Public Pledge on Self-Regulation and Professional Ethics for China Internet Industry,” which entails even stricter rules than those in the white paper, according to Jason Q.
Ng, a specialist on Chinese media censorship and author of .
Certain websites that the government deems potentially dangerous—like Wikipedia, Facebook, Twitter, You Tube, and some Google services—are fully blocked or temporarily “blacked out” during periods of controversy, such as the June 4 anniversary of the Tiananmen Square massacre or Hong Kong’s Umbrella Movement protests in the fall of 2014.
Specific material considered a threat to political stability is also banned, including controversial photos and video, as well as search terms.
A year later, journalist Tan Zuoren was sentenced to five years in prison for drawing attention to government corruption and poor construction of school buildings that collapsed and killed thousands of children during the 2008 earthquake in Sichuan province.More than a dozen government bodies review and enforce laws related to information flow within, into, and out of China.The most powerful monitoring body is the Communist Party’s Central Propaganda Department (CPD), which coordinates with General Administration of Press and Publication and State Administration of Radio, Film, and Television to ensure content promotes party doctrine.Its methods include bandwidth throttling, keyword filtering, and blocking access to certain websites.According to Reporters Without Borders, the firewall makes large-scale use of Deep Packet Inspection technology to block access based on keyword detection.