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Several companies, like Butterick and Simplicity, specialize in selling pre-graded patterns directly to consumers who will sew the patterns at home.
Commercial clothing manufacturers make their own patterns in-house as part of their design and production process, usually employing at least one specialized patternmaker.
Muller & Sohn is widely used for its accuracy and fit for different body figure.
The draping method involves creating a muslin mock-up pattern by pinning fabric directly on a form, then transferring the muslin outline and markings onto a paper pattern or using the muslin as the pattern itself.
Muslin material is inexpensive and is easy to work with when making quick adjustments by pinning the fabric around the wearer or a dress form.
The sewist cuts muslin pieces using the same method that they will use for the actual garment, according to a pattern.
Creating a muslin (also called toile using calico), similar to a garment template, is one method of fitting.
In bespoke clothing, slopers and patterns must be developed for each client, while for commercial production, patterns will be made to fit several standard body sizes.
A patternmaker typically employs one of two methods to create a pattern.
Usually, flat patterning begins with the creation of a sloper or block pattern, a simple, fitted garment made to the wearer's measurements.
For women, this will usually be a jewel-neck bodice and narrow skirt, and for men an upper sloper and a pants sloper.
The flat pattern drafting method is the most commonly used method in menswear; menswear rarely involves draping.