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They do not increase their basis in the property received on liquidation because doing so would give them a double tax benefit.
Instead, the liability reduces the amount realized by the shareholder.
When determining whether a closely held corporation should be liquidated, the tax consequences to the shareholders should be considered.
If the stock is a capital asset in the hands of the shareholder, the shareholder has a capital gain or loss on the exchange.
The shareholders generally recognize gain (or loss) in an amount equal to the difference between the fair market value (FMV) of the assets received (whether they are cash, other property, or both) and the adjusted basis of the stock surrendered.
However, the IRS has stated that a shareholder that assumes such a liability will receive capital loss treatment when the liability is ultimately paid by the shareholder (Rev. The corporation recognizes gain or loss for the receivable when it distributes the receivable to the shareholder.The maximum tax rate for both long-term capital gains (realized after May 5, 2003, and before 2013) and dividends (for tax years beginning after 2002 and before 2013) is 15%.For taxpayers in the 10% or 15% ordinary tax brackets, there is no tax on most long-term capital gains and dividends realized after 2009 and before 2013.No such requirement exists for distributions made in a complete liquidation of a corporation. The IRS indicates it will normally not issue a ruling or determination letter on the tax effects of a corporate liquidation accomplished through a series of distributions made over a period in excess of three years from adoption of the plan of liquidation (Rev. 541 personal holding corporation (PHC) status for the corporation after the assets are sold. However, there have been some exceptions to this rule (e.g., in the year the last substantial distribution was made because the amount of the final distribution was then determinable with reasonable certainty) (Rev. A corporation can accelerate the period in which the IRS can assess tax by requesting a prompt assessment of tax (Sec. Form 4810, Request for Prompt Assessment Under Internal Revenue Code Section 6501(d), is used to request a prompt assessment.Unfortunately, no clear-cut guidance exists regarding the period over which liquidating distributions can be made. Shareholders should maintain documentation that multiple distributions are liquidating distributions whenever multiple distributions are necessary (especially if they will span several tax years and, therefore, result in tax deferral). The request limits the time for assessing tax or beginning a court action to collect the tax to 18 months from the date the request is filed. One example of a situation when a request for prompt assessment might be appropriate is the liquidation of a corporation because of shareholder differences. Keller, and Robert Popovitch, published by Thomson Tax & Accounting, Fort Worth, Texas, 2012 (800-323-8724; ppc.thomson.com).
A distribution is treated as one made in complete liquidation of a corporation if it is one in a series of distributions in redemption of all the stock of the corporation pursuant to a plan of liquidation (Sec. As a result, all the distributions necessary to effect a complete liquidation of a corporation do not have to take place on the same date or even in the same year. 80-177 raises the issue of the constructive receipt of assets by shareholders when a corporation adopts a plan of liquidation and the shareholders are entitled to a liquidation distribution at any time after a certain date. Therefore, taxpayers should consider making the final distribution before 2013. A shareholder may claim a loss on a series of distributions only in the year the loss is definitely sustained.